Download Free PDF. PDF. Asgard (Old Norse Ásgarðr, “Enclosure of the Aesir) is one of the Nine Worlds of Norse mythology and the home and fortress of the Aesir, one of the two tribes of gods (the other being the Vanir, who have their home in Vanaheim).Asgard is located in the sky (albeit invisibly, of course – see pantheism and myth) and is connected to Midgard, the world of humanity, by the rainbow bridge Bifrost. Download PDF. The English word berserker is derived from the Old Norse words ber-serkr (plural ber-serkir) meaning a "bear-shirt" i.e. Asgard, the kingdom of the gods was originally inhabited by the Aesir alone. The Aesir and Vanir fought many wars. Called the shining god and whitest skinned of the gods, Heimdall dwelt at the entry to Asgard, where he guarded Bifrost, the rainbow bridge. These realms are the home of different kinds of beings, such as Asgard the home of the Gods and Goddesses, or Jotumheim the home of the giants. Mythology has been a key element in the current Assassin's Creed "trilogy," and while it was an important part of Valhalla, it wasn't fully taken advantage of. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Old Norse Mythology the Aesir are the principal gods of the pantheon. Access to Asgard was possible only by crossing the bridge Bifrost (the rainbow). Asgard is the home of the Aesir, the majority of the Norse pantheon who warred with other gods known as the Vanir, made peace, and exchanged hostages to maintain that peace. [2] This makes her … PDF. [1] The Poetic Edda. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Known as a gentle and wise god. The other levels have worlds containing various creatures such as dwarfs, dark elves, giants, demons and fire giants, and the dead. But Midgard is a space enclosed, on the geographical plane, by fences, and on the psychological plane by norms and laws. Legend divided Asgard into 12 or more realms, including Valhalla, the home of Odin and the abode of heroes slain in earthly battle; Thrudheim, the realm of Thor; and Breidablik, the home of Balder. a wild warrior or champion of the heathen age, however its interpretation remains controversial. Prophecies tell us that he will merge at the end of time to destroy the Nine Worlds of Norse mythology, but for now, he is merely waiting… A short summary of … The most important palace was Valhalla, the home of Odin, the chief of the gods. The element ber- was interpreted by the historian Snorri Sturluson as "bare", which he understood to mean that the warriors went into battle bare-chested, or without armor. Asgard is the ultimate model of the innangard, while Jotunheim, the “Homeland of the Giants,” is the epitome of the utangard. These two races of gods fought because the Aesir did not approve of the Vanir way of life, which they considered immoral, as it included practices such as incest. Norse mythology (Icelandic: Norræn goðafræði) is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period. This applies both to the geographical plane and the human psyche; thoughts and actions can be innangard or utangard just as readily as spatial locations. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). One of the most menacing worlds in the Norse cosmos was Jotunheim, the home of the fearsome Jotuns, the Norse giants. In the poem… The -gard element in Asgard’s name is a reference to the ancient Germanic concept of the distinction between the innangard and utangard. Thor is associated with the day Thursday which comes from the word Torsdag in the Scandinavian countries and in the Germanic countries it is called Donnerstag which means thunder day and comes from the word Donar, which was the name of Thor in the Germanic countries. The most important palace was Valhalla, the home of Odin, the chief of the gods. Each world is home to a different species of beings, for example, Midgard is the world of men and Asgard is the world of the Aesir gods. The wall was constructed near the beginning of time, but after the conclusion of the Aesir-Vanir war. He required less sleep than a bird, could see 100 leagues, and could hear grass growing in the meadows A List of The Norse Gods. Title: Norse Mythology 1 Norse Mythology Andrew Debnar 5/17/2004 2 The Eddas Creation The mix of fire and ice caused part of the Elivigar to melt, forming Ymir - the primeval giant - and the cow, Audhumla. Major elements of Norse mythology; name description; Aesir: chief gods of Asgard; one of two groups of gods, the Aesir and the Vanir: Andvari: dwarf; robbed of gold and magic ring by Loki: Angerbotha (Angerboda, Angrboda) giantess; mother by Loki of Fenrir, Hel, and Jormungand: Asgard (Asgarth) abode of the Aesir gods: Ask Prose Edda: Gylfaginning In Norse mythology, Heimdall is also known as the Father of Humankind because he helped establish the hierarchical structure of Norse society. Also known as the “all-father”, the “terrible one”, “one-eyed” and “father of battle”. Asgard was also one of the battlefields in the Aesir's raging war against the Vanir, thus it was ravaged after the centuries-long war. Asgard, in Norse mythology, is the abode of the gods. 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