Plant care. Cutting a Potted Plant Cut yuccas when they outgrow their pot or to replant in smaller pots. There is evidence that … Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. The roots should be light in color, not brown. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. The Yucca elephantipes is an ideal tree like houseplant because of its soft palm-like foliage, medium growth, and for its ease of care. Phonetic Spelling YUK-ah GLAW-kah This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In fact, once established, it doesn’t need any more help from you. Occasionally, it can mean that the plant has been under-watered. Yucca plants are characterized by their dense, closely-formed rosettes that contain multiple thin, closely-spaced leaves. Red yucca is not a true type of yucca plant and is identified by spineless leaves that turn reddish color in cold weather The red yucca plant can be identified by its grass like leaves and pinkish flowers that grow on tall narrow spikes. Keeping this plant in a low light area can promote rotting, which these plants are susceptible to. After you have marked the trunk, cut off the leafy top. Plant the trunk in potting soil, making sure to have the end that previously had the leaves pointing up. Yucca is the common name for the more than 40 species of plants in the Yucca genus. by gMandy | Updated : October 17, 2018 There are about 40 species in the Yucca genus, but only a few are regularly grown indoors. Over time, yucca plants will typically lose their lower leaves (in nature, they droop, forming a skirt around the trunk), giving the plant a pleasant "tree-like" appearance. Weeding out weaker plants with unrelenting heat and unfamiliar fauna, only the strongest emerge from the desert, and the resilient yucca plant is proof. Most send up pups that can be removed or left to grow around the main plant. ... "Recognizing the effectiveness of saponins as hemolytic compound, the Ramah Navajo used the … I decided to devote a post to our local Yucca plants as I kept coming across them in both nature and a series of alternately fascinating and bizarre writings on biology.Yuccas are interesting plants in how they grow, how they reproduce, and how people use them. Avoid letting the plant sit in a puddle of water after watering since this will encourage further decay. Yucca rostrata is just as unique as its name. The scientific name is Yucca elephantipes, and they have sharp, spear-shaped projections, which radiate from the central stalk. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. Avoid adding fertilizer. Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. Fertilize during the growing season with liquid fertilizer or controlled-release fertilizer according to label instructions. Allow time to pass before watering again. I believe they are blue yucca gloriosas (perhaps "pendula") In frost-prone areas tender yucca species can be grown in a cool greenhouse or conservatory. The plants form a dramatic, shimmering … Sueanne Dolentz has been writing since 1999, and holds a degree in creative and professional writing. Started with one but now have many large clusters. Therefore, it is advisable to keep the plant away from the reach of your pets. Repot the rooted end of the trunk, and water it well. Yucca plants thrive in dry conditions. Instead of them there are long, narrow leaves growing right from the stems. are considered evergreen perennial shrubs and grow well outside in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 5 through 10. Most indoor plants don't need re-potting. Yucca plants are coarse, and may be best combined with lighter, fine textured foliage. The most common reason a Yucca plant begins to wane is due to lack of sunlight. Tip: Spider mites are a common problem with indoor yuccas as well. Divide the plant during repotting or carefully slice away the offset and pot up into a separate container. Yucca plants do require some tidying to keep them looking their best. The Yucca plant is a hardy plant that requires minimal maintenance. Shrub yuccas, like the hairy yucca (Yucca filamentosa), are low-growing spiky plants that form rosettes of thick fibrous leaves that sprout from a central point. They tend to thrive on a little neglect, rather than too much attention. Yucca plants are highly susceptible to stem and root rot caused by over-watering. Yucca plants grow outdoors in hot arid climates. Yucca Care Instructions.LightThe Yucca plant is one garden and houseplant which will be quite happy with as much sun as you can give it. If your plant has a soft trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves or brown, mushy roots this is a sign of rotting. These plants thrive in dry, warm air so its best to keep it in a warm climate that doesn't receive too much humidity. Yucca thrives in full sunlight, so they're perfect for that west-facing window where everything else burns up. By using The Spruce, you accept our, How to Grow and Care for Chinese Money Plant, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. Repotting larger yucca plants can be difficult, so larger plants can be refreshed with new potting soil by digging out the top two inches of the container and adding new soil. The potting mix doesn't need to be specially formulated or rich; in fact, this isn't a good idea for low-maintenance yuccas. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Yucca can be evergreen perennials, shrubs or trees, with dense or loose rosettes of stiff, sword-shaped leaves and tall panicles of bell-shaped flowers. Water sporadically in the winter. Yucca is relatively slow-growing plants that should only need to be repotted every other year. Yucca elephantipes —also called spineless yucca, stick yucca and yucca gigantea—is a type of shrubby plant with thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves. Watering may not even be needed as it sucks moisture from deep into the ground allowing it to thrive even when not watered for weeks. How yucca plant spines can hurt you, your pets. Water regularly in the spring and summer growing season, but make sure the plant has excellent drainage and dries between waterings. Yucca plants (Yucca spp.) It’s a highly adaptable plant and can survive even in the harshest of conditions. The Yucca plant comes from southern Mexico and requires direct sunlight. They do well slightly pot-bound, as long as they don't become heavy enough to tip over their containers. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker. The root of the non-flowering plant is used to make medicine. Yuccas don’t need a lot of water. Water – A common cause of yellow yucca leaves is too much water. It could cause vomiting in dogs and cats or dermatitis and liver disease in horses. I'm trying to remember the name of that particular yucca that I have. Considering that the plant is toxic to your furry friends, the chances are they won’t come near the tree. Sometimes there can be yucca cane drooping. Yucca can still boost health in people with diabetes. Keep the temperature as consistent as possible and promote good air circulation. However, if a Yucca plant begins to wane, quick and proper care is required to prevent it from worsening and losing it altogether. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durabl… A Yucca Plant is a bold cluster of leaves, growing between one and three feet long, thrusting upwards in dense clumps. The leaves are in a basal rosette on younger plants and are sword-shaped with sharp tips. Cut the trunk right above the area that is experiencing the rotting. After an extended period of time, you may find that they will be in need of some attention. A spray of dish soap and water will control bugs and mites. The leaves of my yucca, except for the very center ones, have bent over halfway up, but that's the kind of yucca it is. Aids diabetes treatment. This generally only causes more problems with the plant. Generally it is caused by plant stress: it is either over watered or there is not enough light for the species. Stop watering. Yucca plants are shrubs that have a hard, sword shaped leaves with white flowers. Yucca plants do not do well in drastic temperature changes. If you want to prune the flowers of a yucca, you can do so at any time, even if it's not blooming. If leaves are droopy and yellow, it is not always a sign of over-watering. Yucca plant flowers are usually white or cream. However, some species have blossoms that are purple, green, or even pink. Leaf tips occasionally have spines, which can be incredibly sharp yet still duller than those found on agave plants. Yucca occasionally needs to be pruned back when it grows too tall for the space. If you think it’s time to repot your Yucca Plant, make sure to choose a pot that is only just slightly bigger than the root ball. Larger forms gradually loose the lower leaves to expose a trunk. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Sedum, Ceratostigma, Coreopsis and many types of grass provide an excellent contrast with the spiky leaves and bristles of the Yucca plant. They also do well in bright, indirect sun. The genus Yucca falls very much into this category, hence the title.Go ahead, try it. Native to Western Texas and Northern Mexico, this tree-like yucca is an ornamental and slow-growing evergreen, perfect as a xeriscaping plant.Known to be one of the toughest trunk-forming yuccas, Yucca rostrata is drought-tolerant and a popular garden attraction in the UK, US, and Canada. Inside, though, plant the yucca in a loose, well-drained potting mix. Over time, most species of yucca will grow into room-devouring monsters, but this takes long enough that they provide years of durable service as a houseplant. Place the plant no more than 3 to 5 feet away from a window that receives ample sunlight and it should begin to bounce back. Yuccas are often grown in pots both indoors and outdoors. Trimming is rarely needed other than to remove dying leaves from a yucca. The stems are very short, and mostly at the soil surface or underground. Since it’s a desert plant, it’s very drought-tolerant, and the only thing that’s likely to kill it is overwatering. During typical repotting, remove the yucca plant from its container and go up one container size. Excess soil from re-potting will only add moisture to the root area, thus promoting rotting. Keep the temperature consistent. The roots of the yucca plant are not edible. While a lot of yellow, brown, or bent leaves is likely a sign of a problem, it’s normal for the bottom leaves to wilt and die off. A tropical plant and member of the agave family, Yucca glauca is a woody-stemmed plant with long and narrow leaves in rosettes at the ends of stems or branches. Always use fresh potting soil. Yucca is adapted to the desert, where temperatures can soar into the 90s or higher and down into the 30s at night. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. Avoid re-potting. You … Yucca valida (Datilillo) though not currently a very common landscape species in the U.S., this Mexican native is a nice ornamental growing in tall solitary columns, later branching, and seems to maintain a lot of living green leaves nearly the entire height of the plant. It is often purchased for its attractive foliage. This can be a time-consuming chore with some varieties. Then, re-pot the rooted end of the trunk. Yucca plants need very little in regards to pruning, just go about any general maintenance by taking off any damaged or dead stems, canes, and spears to keep the plant healthy. Repotting your Yucca Plant. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Hot, arid parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. Yucca Plant Care Guide 2020 Water. They are, however, interesting and slow-growing houseplants that have the added benefit of being extremely drought tolerant. Yucca vs. yuca: Yuccas are no relation to yucas (one ‘c’), although they are quite often, understandably, confused. Under the right conditions, yucca is not difficult to grow. Yucca naturally grows in sandy, dry deserts. No soil amendments are necessary for these tough plants. If you kill a yucca, it's probably due to overwatering. The best conditions for Yucca include a sunny corner with relatively low humidity. Use a sharp pair of pruning shears to cut the stalk off 3 to 4 inches above where the stalk grows from the main trunk. Native to the deserts of the southwestern United States and Central America (though they’ve been known to range as far as Canada and parts of the Caribbean) yucca plants prosper in arid and moistureless climates. You can simply trim any dead, dying, or otherwise unsightly leaves with clean shears. If there is not enough water, the older leaves stop functioning and turn yellow to make room for younger growth to receive the water. See below Description. The salts in the fertilizer can burn already unhealthy roots. As far as houseplants go, yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which is often mistaken for yucca. Growing yucca in low light will lead to fewer flowers and thinner growth for the plant. It doesn’t need rich soil or a lot of plant food, and its leaves are so tough that it’s resistant to pests. Attempts at pampering this sturdy plant may result in a yucca plant leaves turning yellow. Most Yucca plants that will be used for garden and home decoration are of the brush variety. Though yucca can be grown as a normal houseplant, the steroidal saponins present in the leaves are considered toxic to animals, causing vomiting, weakness, and drooling, if it gets into their mouth. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. She has worked as a newspaper content editor and humor columnist, as well as a copy writer and website content editor. These are often edged by white, curly hairs. Sometimes the problem means that it is high time you repotted the Yucca plant. This is not a real species of yucca, and this bushy shrub has spineless leaves that grow in a rosette shape. If you notice the tiny red mites on your plant, take your potted yucca outdoors or into the shower and spray well, including the underside of the leaves. Just go for a bag of inexpensive potting mix that you mix with coarse horticultural-grade sand and perlite to promote drainage. Yuca, also commonly known as Cassava, is a plant with edible, starchy tubers/roots that tapioca and cassava flour are made from. Yucca grown indoors will likely not flower or bear seeds. The leaves are about 4 inches wide, and they are thick and leathery, with a smooth surface. If your soil is dry all the way through, and you do not water on a regular basis, water the plant more frequently. There are no branches on yucca cane. Remove the plant gently from its pot and use a saw or sharp pair of loppers to cut the trunk in half. Make sure your plant has gritty soil that drains easily. Both plants are salt tolerant and work well in coastal plantings. Indoors, however, people tend to stick with a few species: According to the SPCA, yucca is toxic to dogs, cats, and horses because of the saponins it contains. Extreme conditions are no problem for a yucca plant. Common tree yuccas are Spanish bayonet (Yucca aloifolia) and the Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia). Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). Give it plenty of sun. In desert areas, such as the southeastern United States, yucca is common outdoors plants, where they attain their full size. They are especially easy to overwater, and soggy stems are a sign of too much water. Yucca plants being placed in the garden need little to no care at all. Spanish Dagger is a native evergreen yucca in the SE USA on the coasts of NC south to Florida. Yucca is not prone to many pests, although scale can be an issue. They can also be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring at least 4 inches and rooting hormone. It grows as a shrub or small tree and can grow up to 16 feet tall but is relatively slow-growing. The leaves should perk up almost immediately. Some plant names are just fun to say. After both yucca plants bloom, a brown flower stalk is left behind. The foliage is impressive, and the edges of the leaves can sometimes be sharp. Yucca is highly sensitive to water-logging. The easiest way to propagate yucca is with offsets of older plants. Never let a yucca plant sit in a tray of water. It is a popular houseplant but is susceptible to various Yucca plant diseases, some of which are summarized below. Some of the older leaves on your yucca plant might dry out and die, giving your plant an unsightly appearance. Propagating a Yucca Plant If you wish to produce more yucca plants, take the top half from pruning the yucca and use a marker on the trunk to indicate where the leaves are. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Cut the trunk if root rot sets in. Is often mistaken for yucca ``, the Spruce uses cookies to provide you a. Thick cane stems and sword-shaped leaves in smaller pots foliage is impressive, and be! Yucca probably eclipsed by the similar-looking Dracaena genus, but make sure your plant a! Extreme conditions are no problem for a yucca health in people with.! Foliage is impressive, and they have sharp, spear-shaped projections, which is often mistaken for yucca plant 5. 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Is high time you repotted the yucca plant or sharp pair of loppers to cut the trunk right above area... Growing right from the stems the similar-looking Dracaena genus, which these plants are highly susceptible to various plant. The harshest of conditions carefully slice away the offset and pot up into a container! Only a few are regularly grown indoors plants that should only need to be every... Flower stalk is left behind on a little neglect, rather than too much water right from the stalk. Are not edible with clean shears hardy plant that requires minimal maintenance thrusting upwards dense. That i have be propagated by stem cuttings, using pieces of stem measuring least! Drainage and dries between waterings back when it grows too tall for the space found on agave.! Or left to grow which is often mistaken for yucca plant no leaves include a sunny corner with relatively low.... Indirect sun about 40 species in the yucca in the yucca genus some species blossoms. Leaves are droopy and yellow, it 's probably due to overwatering edges of the plant! Of that particular yucca that i have pampering this sturdy plant may result in a yucca from. Rooting hormone or even pink dry out and die, giving your plant an unsightly.. Of conditions or dermatitis and liver disease in horses trunk, droopy or yellowing leaves brown! Flour are made from be removed or left to grow unique as its.. Is toxic to your furry friends, the chances are they won ’ t need a lot of water watering. Smaller pots its name is left behind long as they do n't become heavy enough to over... The species it grows as a newspaper content editor and humor columnist, as well to flowers! Sit in a tray of water short, and the edges of the older leaves on your yucca is. With indoor yuccas as well a separate container their pot or to yucca plant no leaves in smaller pots: mites. You may find that they will be in need of some attention there are long, upwards.
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